Journal of Medical Ultrasound

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 176--180

Comparison of three ultrasound views for internal jugular venous cannulation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: A randomized trial


GN Chennakeshavallu, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, Saravana Babu, Sruthi Sankar, Prasanta Kumar Dash 
 Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar
Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 011, Kerala
India

Background: The quality of needle visualization during ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation determines the ease of procedure, whereas posterior IJV wall puncture is the most common risk associated. The IJV can be imaged in different views, which offer certain advantages over each other. We compared three different ultrasound views for IJV cannulation short axis (SAX), long axis (LAX), and oblique axis (OAX) with respect to the quality of needle visualization, first pass success rate, and posterior IJV wall puncture. Methods: Two hundred ten patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery were analyzed in this prospective randomized clinical trial. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: SAX (n = 70), LAX (n = 70), and OAX (n = 70). The quality of needle visualization, first pass success rate, and incidence of posterior IJV wall puncture in each of the three ultrasound views were studied. The Chi-square test and ANOVA were used for the comparison of means and proportion between the groups. Results: The quality of needle visualization was graded as good in 90% patients in OAX group, 81.4% patients in LAX group, and 14.2% patients in SAX group, respectively (P < 0.0001). OAX group had the highest first pass success rate (94.2%) followed by SAX (88.5%), and then, LAX (82.8%), but it was statistically insignificant among the groups (P = 0.105). The mean IJV access time was longer in LAX group when compared to OAX and SAX group (P < 0.0001). The incidence of IJV posterior wall puncture was 14.2% patients in SAX group and none in other groups (P = 0.0011). Conclusion: The results suggest that OAX view can be adopted as standard approach during ultrasound-guided IJV cannulation as it safe and reliable.


How to cite this article:
Chennakeshavallu G N, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Babu S, Sankar S, Dash PK. Comparison of three ultrasound views for internal jugular venous cannulation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: A randomized trial.J Med Ultrasound 2021;29:176-180


How to cite this URL:
Chennakeshavallu G N, Gadhinglajkar S, Sreedhar R, Babu S, Sankar S, Dash PK. Comparison of three ultrasound views for internal jugular venous cannulation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: A randomized trial. J Med Ultrasound [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 30 ];29:176-180
Available from: http://www.jmuonline.org/article.asp?issn=0929-6441;year=2021;volume=29;issue=3;spage=176;epage=180;aulast=Chennakeshavallu;type=0