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Cysts of the fetal abdomen: Antenatal and postnatal comparison

 Department of Perinatology, Health Sciences University, Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women's Health Care Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Neval Cayonu Kahraman,
Department of Perinatology, Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences Etlik Zubeyde Hanım Women's Health Care, Ankara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background: To evaluate cases diagnosed with fetal abdominal cyst diagnosed in prenatal period. Methods: We retrieved the cases diagnosed with fetal abdominal cyst between the years 2018 and 2020 from hospital's database. The localization, origin, dimensions, properties (simple or complex), and characteristics (solid, cystic, vascularity) were noted both in prenatal and postnatal period. We also tested the diagnostic performance of ultrasonography according to endpoint diagnosis revealed postnatally. Results: During the study period, a total of 29 cases diagnosed as fetal abdominal cyst. Of them, there were 11 (37.9%) gastrointestinal, 9 (31%) ovarian, 6 (20.6%) genitourinary, 3 (10.3%) hepatobiliary system cysts. In our study, we were able to identify 5 (45%) of 11 fetuses with postnatally confirmed gastrointestinal system cysts, 1 (33%) of 3 fetuses with hepatobiliary system cysts, 3 (50%) of 6 fetuses with urinary system cysts and 6 (66%) of 9 fetuses with ovarian cysts. Conclusion: İn this study, the most common abdominal cyst was ovarian cysts. The most difficult to diagnose cysts are those that originated from gastrointestinal system and hepatobiliary system.

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    -  Celen S
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