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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Evaluation of adherence to emergency department point-of-care ultrasound documentation and billing following intervention


1 Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Orange, CA, USA
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Touro University Nevada, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Henderson, NV, USA

Correspondence Address:
Shadi Lahham,
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, Irvine, 333 The City Boulevard West Suite 640, Orange, CA 92868
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background: Over the past few years, both the scope and utility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) have tremendously expanded in the clinical setting. Despite this growth, few studies have evaluated the compliance, documentation, and billing of POCUS in the emergency department (ED). The objective of this study was to evaluate the compliance of billing and documentation of POCUS and determine if a single, individualized e-mail feedback can help improve billing and documentation. Methods: We performed a 6-week prospective review of ED POCUSs performed. Following this review, all emergency physicians were sent an individualized e-mail regarding their ultrasound performance including the total number of ultrasounds, ultrasounds per shift, and breakdown of specific ultrasound types. Following this intervention, we collected data from an additional 6 weeks regarding ultrasound billing performance. Results: A total of 1532 POCUS scans were recorded for data collection. Eight hundred and five scans were enrolled in the preintervention group and 727 scans in the postintervention group. Twelve different types of POCUS scans were recorded. The preintervention group had documented 484/805 scans resulting in a 60.1% (confidence interval [CI] 56.7%–63.5%) documentation ratio. The postintervention group had documented 521/727 resulting in a 71.7% (CI 68.2%–74.9%) documentation ratio. Conclusion: The implementation of timely quality assurance with continuous billing reminders is essential for the maintenance and fiscal sustainability of an emergency medicine ultrasound program. Future studies should further elucidate and quantify the financial impact of modifiable factors within EDs' ultrasound documentation and billing practices.


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    -  Lahham S
    -  Moeller J
    -  Kurzweil A
    -  Choi H
    -  Saadat S
    -  Dang E
    -  Mazumder P
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