• Users Online: 230
  • Print this page
  • Email this page

LETTER TO EDITOR Table of Contents  
Ahead of print publication
Ultrasonographic diagnosis and treatment of suprascapular neuropathy secondary to ganglion cyst


 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fizikon Medical Center, Konya, Turkey

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Submission21-Apr-2020
Date of Decision15-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance10-Aug-2020
Date of Web Publication02-Oct-2020
 


How to cite this URL:
Yildizgören MT. Ultrasonographic diagnosis and treatment of suprascapular neuropathy secondary to ganglion cyst. J Med Ultrasound [Epub ahead of print] [cited 2021 Jan 23]. Available from: http://www.jmuonline.org/preprintarticle.asp?id=297127




Dear Editor,

In all age groups, presentation in the clinical setting with the complaint of shoulder pain is frequent. Common causes include local conditions such as rotator cuff disease, impingement syndrome, adhesive capsulitis, tendonitis, bursitis, acromioclavicular joint abnormalities, and cervical pathologies such as disc disease and spondylosis.[1]

A source of shoulder pain and dysfunction, which is often underestimated, is suprascapular nerve neuropathy. This may originate from entrapment of a ganglion or paralabral cyst at the spinoglenoid notch, which has led to weakness and atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle.[2] Suprascapular nerve entrapment accounts for 1%–2% of shoulder pain, and mainly affects patients younger than 40 years of age. There are various treatment options, such as ultrasound-guided aspiration, drainage, surgical excision, or arthroscopic decompression of the cyst. In cases where conservative management has not been successful, surgery may be considered.[3]

A 33-year-old, right-hand dominant, male patient presented with the complaints of posterolateral shoulder pain and nocturnal pain, which had been ongoing for 1 year. There was no history of trauma to the shoulder, and the pain increased with repetitive arm motions and exercises. The initial pain assessment was estimated as Visual Analog Scale 6. The patient had previously been unresponsive to physical therapy, medication, and subacromial corticosteroid injection. On examination, there was no restriction in the shoulder range of motion, but shoulder flexion and abduction were painful at 120°. There was no muscle atrophy, and the neurological examination was normal. Ultrasound examination showed a well–defined, homogeneously anechoic, noncompressible cystic lesion without vascularity at the spinoglenoid notch [Figure 1]. In the electromyography examination, fibrillation potentials and positive sharp waves were observed in the infraspinatus muscle. Magnetic resonance imaging of the right shoulder displayed a lobulated 2 cm × 3 cm × 4 cm ganglion cyst extending to the spinoglenoid notch [Figure 2]. The patient subsequently underwent ultrasonographic aspiration with a 23G needle of the ganglion cyst, and clinical improvement was seen [Figure 3].
Figure 1: Cyst located at the spinoglenoid notch. (a) Ultrasonographic view, (b) Schematic illustration. *cyst; suprascapular nerve (arrow)

Click here to view
Figure 2: (a) Axial and (a) Coronal magnetic resonance imaging image showing a lobulated 2 cm × 3 cm × 4 cm ganglion cyst extending into the posterior spinoglenoid notch

Click here to view
Figure 3: Ultrasound-guided aspiration of the cyst using an “in-plane approach”

Click here to view


As a branch of the upper trunk of the brachial plexus (a combination of C5 and C6 roots), the suprascapular nerve is a mixed sensorimotor nerve, which provides motor innervation to the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles. This nerve is also responsible for sensory innervation of the glenohumeral and acromioclavicular joints.[4] If the suprascapular nerve is compressed at the spinoglenoid notch, this will cause weakness in the infraspinatus muscle alone. However, injury or compression at the suprascapular notch may result in weakness of both the infraspinatus and supraspinatus muscles.[4] Shoulder pain caused by suprascapular nerve neuropathy as a result of cyst impingement may be easily confused with rotator cuff injury or cervical spondylosis. Compression at the spinoglenoid notch may be due to several etiologies, of which the most usual is a paralabral ganglion cyst. Paralabral ganglion cysts are thought to develop from the seepage of synovial fluid into the paralabral tissue as a result of a capsular defect.[5]

When a patient presents with nonspecific shoulder pain, there should be consideration of suprascapular nerve neuropathy. Although this is not a frequently seen condition, suprascapular notch entrapment is an easily treated with potentially good outcomes if diagnosed and treated early before the development of muscular atrophy.

Declaration of patient consent

The author certify that he has obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient has given his consent for his images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understands that his name and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Linaker CH, Walker-Bone K. Shoulder disorders and occupation. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2015;29:405-23.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Romeo AA, Rotenberg DD, Bach BR Jr., Suprascapular neuropathy. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 1999;7:358-67.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Zehetgruber H, Noske H, Lang T, Wurnig C. Suprascapular nerve entrapment. A meta-analysis. Int Orthop 2002;26:339-43.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Clavert P, Thomazeau H. Peri-articular suprascapular neuropathy. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2014;100:S409-11.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Wee TC, Wu CH. Ultrasound-guided aspiration of a paralabral cyst at the spinoglenoid notch with suprascapular nerve compressive neuropathy. J Med Ultrasound 2018;26:166-7.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  

Top
Correspondence Address:
Mustafa Turgut Yildizgören,
Fizikon Tıp Merkezi, Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Kliniği, Konya
Turkey
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None



    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]



 

Top
 
  Search
 
   Ahead Of Print
  
 Download PDF Version
     Search Pubmed for
 
    -  Yildizgören MT


References
Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed240    
    PDF Downloaded15    

Recommend this journal