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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 287-290

One-Step Method in Creation of Artificial Ascites

Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Liver Research Unit, Keelung Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Cho-Li Yen
Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Keelung Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, No. 222, Mai-Chin Road, Keelung 204
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmu.jmu_17_22

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Background: The study aims to improve the success rate and the rapidity in creating artificial ascites before starting the treatment for subcapsular hepatocellular carcinomas. Methods: Two hundred and forty-six consecutive hepatocellular carcinoma patients who required the instillation of artificial ascites for better visualization or prevention from organ injury were recruited between November 2011 and September 2017. Initially, 95 patients were using the Seldinger technique, while the remaining 151 patients were using the one-step method. The proportions of patients who had undergone surgery, transarterial chemoembolization, or radiofrequency ablation therapy before performing artificial ascites infusion were 11.6% (11/95), 3% (3/95), and 37% (35/95) in the Seldinger group, and 15.9% (24/151), 15.2% (23/151), and 52.3% (79/151), respectively, in the one-step group. Results: The complete success rate, partial success rate, and failure rate in creating artificial ascites using the Seldinger technique and the one-step method were 76.8% (73/95), 11.6% (11/95), 11.6% (11/95) and 88.1% (133/151), 7.9% (12/151), 4% (6/151), respectively. The complete success rate was significantly higher in the one-step method group (P < 0.05) than that of the Seldinger group. The mean time required from starting the procedure to successful intraperitoneal instillation of glucose water was 145.79 ± 133.37 s in the one-step method, which was statistically shorter than that of 238.68 ± 95.58 s in the Seldinger group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The one-step method has a higher success rate than the Seldinger method in creating artificial ascites and is faster, especially in treatment-experienced patients.

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