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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-35

Role of shear wave elastography of synovium to differentiate rheumatoid and tubercular arthritis


1 Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Rheumatology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Orthopedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Mahesh Prakash
Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector-12, Chandigarh - 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmu.jmu_80_21

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Background: Synovitis is the underlying pathology in various arthritis, and sometimes, it is difficult to differentiate various arthritis clinically or even by imaging. The purpose of our study was to use shear wave elastography (SWE) to evaluate rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and tubercular (TB) arthritis and to differentiate them using synovial stiffness. Methods: The prospective study was performed on Supersonic Imagine Aixplorer Ultrasound (USG) machine using a linear array probe SL10-2 (2–10 MHz). A total of 29 participants, 15 of RA (ACR/EULAR criteria) and 14 of proven TB arthritis were included. Region of interest of 1 mm was applied on the hypertrophied synovium and quantitative SWE data in form of elasticity (kPa) and velocity (m/s) were measured. Discrete categorical data were presented as n (%). Mean values were recorded along with standard deviation and the range of values. To find a maximal cutoff value of elasticity and velocity - receiver operating characteristic curve were plotted. Results: The mean elasticity and velocity values were 54.81 ± 10.6 kPa and 4.2 m/s ± 0.42 for RA and 37 ± 10 kPa and 3.4 ± 0.47 m/s for TB group. Significant difference (P < 0.001) was seen in elastic modulus values between rheumatoid and TB group with cutoff of 43.6 kPa to differentiate the two groups (sensitivity – 86.7% and specificity – 80%). Similar significant (P < 0.001) results were seen with velocity values, with cutoff of 3.76 m/s (sensitivity – 86.7% and specificity – 80%). Conclusion: SWE shows the potential to be a useful adjunct to gray scale and color Doppler USG in differentiating various arthritis on the basis of elastic properties of the synovium. Elastic modulus and velocity are useful SWE quantitative parameters for synovial evaluation and can differentiate RA and TB arthritis.


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