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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111-115

Evaluation of resistive index of orbital vessels using color doppler imaging in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus


1 Department of Radiology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K Divya
Department of Ophthalmology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore - 641 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JMU.JMU_88_20

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Background: Resistive index (RI), derived from color Doppler imaging (CDI), is a marker of vascular resistance used widely in varied clinical settings. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between RIs of the orbital vessels in a pure cohort of type 2 diabetic patients with or without retinopathy using CDI. Methods: Fifty patients having type 2 diabetes and 50 age-matched controls were evaluated in this prospective study. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) was diagnosed based on seven-field stereo fundus photography and diabetic patients were divided into two. Patients with no DR (n = 26) were taken as Group 1, while patients with DR (n = 24) were taken as Group 2. CDI was performed and the RIs of the ophthalmic artery (OA), posterior ciliary artery (PCA), central retinal artery (CRA), and central retinal vein (CRV) were measured. Results: Significant differences were observed in the mean RI values of all orbital arteries between controls and patients with DR (P < 0.05). Comparison of RI values between controls and Group 1 showed no significant differences. Mean RI values of the PCA and CRA were found to be significantly higher in the patients in Group 2 than in Group 1 (P = 0.03 and P < 0.001, respectively). The duration of diabetes correlated with the mean RI of all the orbital vessels. RI of the CRA was a reliable predictive indicator for DR (P = 0.001). Conclusion: RIs of the orbital arteries are significantly higher in patients with DR. RI of the orbital vessels can be a potentially useful biomarker in the early diagnosis and follow-up of patients with DR.


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