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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-82

The AFSUMB consensus statements and recommendations for the clinical practice of contrast-enhanced ultrasound using sonazoid

1 Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
2 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Faculty of Medicine, Kindai University, Higashi-Osaka, Japan
3 Department of Radiology, Chung Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
4 Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
5 Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Technology, Yuanpei University of Medical Technology, Hsinchu, Taiwan; Department of Radiology, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
6 Department of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
7 Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
8 Department of Ultrasound, Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Disease, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan
9 Department of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
10 Gastroenterological Center, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan
11 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
12 Department of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan
13 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Toho University Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
14 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Takamatsu Red Cross Hospital, Takamatsu, Japan
15 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Wakayama Medical University Hospital, Wakayama, Japan
16 Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery Division and Artificial Organ and Transplantation Division, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
17 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
18 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan
19 Ultrasound Section, Division of Surgery, Department of Gastroenterology, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
20 National Centre for Ultrasound in Gastroenterology, Haukeland University Hospital; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

Correspondence Address:
Byung Ihn Choi
Department of Radiology, Chung Ang University Hospital, Seoul
Masatoshi Kudo
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Faculty of Medicine, Kindai University, Higashi-Osaka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JMU.JMU_124_19

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The first edition of the guidelines for the use of ultrasound contrast agents was published in 2004, dealing with liver applications. The second edition of the guidelines in 2008 reflected changes in the available contrast agents and updated the guidelines for the liver, as well as implementing some nonliver applications. The third edition of the contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) guidelines was the joint World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology-European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB-EFSUMB) venture in conjunction with other regional US societies such as Asian Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, resulting in a simultaneous duplicate on liver CEUS in the official journals of both WFUMB and EFSUMB in 2013. However, no guidelines were described mainly for Sonazoid due to limited clinical experience only in Japan and Korea. The new proposed consensus statements and recommendations provide general advice on the use of Sonazoid and are intended to create standard protocols for the use and administration of Sonazoid in hepatic and pancreatobiliary applications in Asian patients and to improve patient management.

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